Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With an estimated population of 8.8 million it is also Iran's largest urban area and city, the largest city in Western Asia, one of the largest cities in Southern Asia.
Contemporary Tehran is a modern city featuring many structures, of which Azadi (Freedom) Tower and the Milad Tower have come to be the symbols of Tehran itself. Globally it stands 19th by city population, 56th by the size of its GDP and 29th by the population of its metropolitan area.
Throughout Iran's history, the capital city has been relocated many times, with Tehran being the 32nd national capital of Iran. Farsi is the city's native tongue, with roughly 98% of the population able to speak and understand it.


Tehran features a semi-arid, continental climate. Tehran's climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to its north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in the spring and autumn, hot and dry in the summer, and cold in the winter.
As a large city with significant differences in elevation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly north as compared to the flat southern part of Tehran. Although compared with other parts of the country Tehran enjoys a more moderate climate, weather conditions can sometimes be unpredictably harsh. The record high temperature is 43°C and the record low is −15°C.

Tourism and attractions

Tehran, as Iran's showcase and capital city, has a wealth of cultural attractions. Some of the well-known museums are National Museum of Iran, Sa'dabad Palaces Complex, Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, the Carpet Museum of Iran, Tehran's Underglass painting Museum, Niavaran Palace Complex, and Safir Office Machines Museum. Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art features the works of great artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol.

Iran Photo Gallery:


Milad Tower, Tehran
Azadi Tower, Tehran, Sergio Pitamitz
Golestan Palace,Tehran, Chris Bradley
Golestan Palace, Shams ol Emareh, Tehran
National Garden, Tehran
Bridge of 33 Arches, Isfahan, Rob Howard
Sheikh Loffollah Mosque, Isfahan, TCYuen
Nasir-Al Mosque, Shiraz, Kazuyoshi Nomachi
Palace of Narenjestan, Shiraz, Christophe Boisvieux
Persepolis, Bull Capital at Hall, Shiraz, Kazuyoshi Nomachi
Persepolis, Shiraz, Amar Grover
Persepolis, Gate of All Nation, Shiraz
Badgir,kaveh-Farrokh, Yazd
Traditional House, Yazd